Whakapapa starts at the dawn of time and weaves it's way throughout the centuries and generations. Whakapapa is continuous and eternal, coming from the past, appearing in the present and disappearing into the future.
Whakapapa binds us together, gives us our connections to the land, establishes our identity to the whenua and ties us to people.
Whakapapa is also our history, for in learning our whakapapa an intergral part of that is learning our history, of who we are, of the deeds and actions of our tupuna and how they have shaped who we are today.
Whakapapa intertwines lines, ensuring that lines and allegiances are kept strong or new allegiances are formed.