There are many versions of the exploits of Kupe. Each hapü and iwi may have slight or significant variations; each version is correct for that hapü or iwi. This is part of the beauty and richness of Mäoritanga; its variety. Below is the version give
This research project sets out to describe the iwi of Te Rarawa in terms of its sense of ethos and identity. Before such a description can begin the nouns ethos and identity need to be clearly defined to provide focus.
Long ago Ruanui brought his people to Aotearoa/New Zealand on the Mamari canoe. They landed first at Hokianga and eventually came to live at Pawarenga on the Whangape Harbour in the far north. There the Ngati Ruanui tribe built a fortress called Makora.